EU Tyre Labelling Legislation

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The Basics

On 1st November 2012 the new EU Tyre Labelling legislation comes into force. All new car, 4x4, SUV, van and most truck tyres manufactured after 1st July 2012 will carry a new ‘tyre label’ which is similar to the energy stickers that appear on white goods. The new label will provide you with objective, reliable and comparable information about your tyre purchase. Tyres manufactured before 1st July 2012 may still carry an old style label.

Areas of Legislation

The tyre label will focus on three areas of performance and will raise some very important questions when making your tyre purchase.

 

Breakdown of the Label

Fuel Efficiency / Rolling Resistance

tyre-energyA rolling tyre deforms and dissipates energy. The energy that's lost is known as rolling resistance and directly impacts on fuel consumption. The difference in fuel consumption between a car fitted with A and G class tyres is around 0.5 litres per 100km, that's a saving of around 80 litres and more than 110 per year.*

*Savings based on a petrol engine car travelling 10,000 miles/year with 1.40/litre fuel cost.




 

Wet Grip

tyre-brakingTyres with excellent wet grip have shorter braking distances on slippery roads, essential for keeping you safe in the rain.
These ratings are measured from the distance travelled by a car after braking at 50mph in the wet.* 30% shorter braking distance between best and worst class for a full set of tyres fitted to an average car.

*Testing according to regulation EC 1222/2009


 

Exterior Noise

tyre-noiseExterior noise levels are measured in decibel (dB) and shown as one, two or three sound waves on the label. One wave is the best performance, three is the worst. In fact, three bars is the current limit, while two meets future laws and one is a further 3dBs below.

Note: External tyre rolling noise is not related to interior vehicle noise.
 

Frequently Asked Questions

 When does tyre labelling come into effect?

The EU legislation comes into force on 1st November 2012. All tyres manufactured from 1st July 2012 will carry the label. Tyres manufactured before 1st July 2012 may still carry an old style label.

Why is the tyre labelling legislation happening?

Tyres make an important contribution to road safety and to the environmental impact of road transport. However, all tyres don’t offer the same performance. The regulation will enable customers to make more informed choices when buying tyres. The EU’s targeted outcome is that road safety will improve and that the environmental impact of road transport will be reduced.

What tyres does it apply to?

The new labels will apply to all new car, 4x4, SUV, van and most truck tyres. By law, these tyres will need to carry a sticker on the tread, or be sold with a label indicating the three performance areas.

Tyres not affected by the legislation include racing tyres, professional off-road tyres, spare tyres, vintage tyres, re-treaded tyres, studded tyres and tyres whose rating is less than 80km/h.

What is rolling resistance and how does it affect fuel efficiency?

Rolling resistance is force acting opposite to the travel direction if a tyre is rolling. Due to the vehicle load, the tyre is deformed in the contact area with the road surface.

This deformation induces internal losses, the same as a rubber ball falling down that does not rebound as high as it was launched.

As a rule of thumb, reducing rolling resistance by 6% decreases fuel consumption by 1% for passenger cars.

Other factors affect fuel consumption such as aerodynamics, vehicle weight, type of engine, auxiliary systems like air-conditioning slope of the road, personal driving style, tyre pressure level, accelerations or general traffic conditions.

How is the measured wet grip linked to road safety when considering different road conditions?

Wet grip refers to the safety performance of tyres: it reflects the capacity of a tyre to brake on a wet road.

There are other parameters which are relevant for safety (e.g. road holding ability, directional control, deceleration ability on wet and dry surfaces at higher speed and aquaplaning behaviour) but wet grip was chosen as the most representative situation of reduced adherence in Europe.

Why is there no tyre labelling information for some tyres?

The new EU legislation applies to tyres manufactured after 1st July 2012. Some tyres in stock were manufactured prior to this date, and are therefore exempt from the legislation.

This legislation comes into force on 1st November 2012, therefore some tyre manufacturers are still finalising the ratings for their tyres and have until 31st October to publish this information. As soon as this information is made available by the manufacturers, it will be added to the tyre information page.

 

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